An intrauterine device (IUD) is a type of birth control that prevents fertilized eggs from being implanted in the uterus. They may have hormones that prevent implantation. Your womens care professional will help you determine if it is the best birth control option for you. The following are a few interesting facts about IUDs.
1. It Is Not Always Appropriate
Most women in the reproductive age bracket can use an IUD. Your doctor may help you determine if you are a good candidate for the contraceptive. Before inserting an IUD, your doctor will first perform a pregnancy and STD test. They must be sure that you have no sexually transmitted diseases and that you aren’t pregnant. You are not a good candidate if:
- You have a distorted or abnormal uterine anatomy
- You have cancer of the cervix or uterus
- You have unexplained vaginal bleeding
- You are allergic to copper or have Wilson’s disease
- You have an STD or ongoing pelvic infection
2. It Is One of the Most Effective Birth Control Options
The IUD is one of the most reliable birth control methods. 6 to 12 out of 100 women may get pregnant on the pill. However, less than 1 in 100 women get pregnant with IUDs. It is more effective than most other birth control methods.
3. It Is Not Permanent
If you change your mind about your IUD, you don’t need to keep it. It is reversible, and your gynecologist can help you find an alternative method of contraception. Once it is removed, you regain your ability to get pregnant fast.
4. Insertion Is Uncomfortable
The process of inserting an IUD can be slightly uncomfortable. Different women have different experiences. While others feel some pain, others may barely notice it going in. If necessary, your gynecologist may recommend that you take over the counter medication.
5. They Are Effective Immediately
Copper IUDs start functioning as soon as they are inserted. If hormonal IUDs are inserted within seven days after starting your period, they start working right away.
6. You Need a Doctor to Insert It
Even though inserting an IUD may seem easy, you need a doctor to do it. It goes deep, and there is a possibility of it falling out. It is an uncommon occurrence that happens to less than 5% of women with IUDs. In some instances, your uterus’ size and shape make it difficult for an IUD to be inserted.
7. You Still Get Your Periods
Doctors suggest that you check your IUD every month to make sure that it is still in place. If it is in its right position, you can continue to have normal menstrual periods. Some women may experience a heavier or lighter flow.
If you are curious about IUDs and whether getting one would be a good decision, you should get your doctor’s opinion. It is an appropriate birth control method for many women and is more effective than most alternative options. It is effective immediately and you can conceive shortly after removing it.