Cardiopulmonary resuscitation – breathing assessment

After assessing the state of consciousness of the victim, we proceed to the assessment of breathing using the ABC method. This is a key moment in the entire algorithm. Based on erste hilfe kurs münchen führerschein, we will decide whether to proceed to chest compressions and apply alternative ventilation or to place the victim in a safe position.

Unblocking the airways

  • clear the airway of the injured person using a forehead-mandibular maneuver;
  • place one hand on the victim’s forehead, and support the lower jaw with two fingers;
  • at the same time, tilt the victim’s head back.

The method of unblocking the airways is practiced in erste hilfe kurs münchen hbf. Thanks to this treatment, the respiratory tract of the injured person will be open, and you will be able to assess the breathing. In an unconscious person lying on his back, the tongue collapses downwards, which, combined with the lowering of the lower jaw, may cause serious respiratory obstruction. Proper opening of the airways is therefore a very important element.

Breath check

Irreversible neurological changes occur in a non-breathing person after about 5 minutes. Oxygen is not supplied to the brain, and the nutrients in the blood are not supplied to key human organs. Man dies. So we must evaluate the breath as soon as possible. Lean over the victim’s head bringing our ear closer to the victim’s mouth and nose. Try to hear the exhaled air from the victim’s mouth. Try to feel the warmth of the exhaled air on our cheek. At the same time, observe the victim’s chest as prescribed by erste hilfe führerschein. 

Exactly 10 seconds should be spent on checking to breathe. During this time, you should observe chest movements, feel and hear at least 2 breaths from the injured person. When you do not hear or feel the victim’s breathing or are not sure – go straight to chest compressions.